Mobilizing for Farmworker Rights in an Era of Shifting Legal and Governance Opportunities

This Article analyzes how contemporary farmworker movements are exploiting both “legal opportunities” and what we term “governance opportunities”— strategic openings for action arising from the contingent industry structures and private governance of global value chains. We analyze two cases of recent farmworker mobilization: Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) in Florida and Familias Unidas por la Justicia (FUJ) in Washington State. By comparing the strategic decision-making and processes through which these movements ultimately found success, we show how legal and governance opportunities are interdependent and interactive.